What was Mary Wollstonecraft’s ideal government?
She rejected artificial distinctions of rank, which she believed hampered human flourishing, and also favoured republicanism over hereditary monarchy as the ideal form of government.
What type of liberal was Mary Wollstonecraft?
Although usually interpreted as a classical liberal or republican thinker, Wollstonecraft is better understood as a feminist care theorist. She aimed at a revolutionary transformation of liberal society by emphasizing the importance of care-giving duties.
What did Hobbes believe about government?
Hobbes believed that a government headed by a king was the best form that the sovereign could take. Placing all power in the hands of a king would mean more resolute and consistent exercise of political authority, Hobbes argued.
Who was the first feminist in the world?
In late 14th- and early 15th-century France, the first feminist philosopher, Christine de Pisan, challenged prevailing attitudes toward women with a bold call for female education.
What is Marxist feminist theory?
Marxist feminism is a species of feminist theory and politics that takes its theoretical bearings from Marxism, notably the criticism of capitalism as a set of structures, practices, institutions, incentives, and sensibilities that promote the exploitation of labor, the alienation of human beings, and the debasement of …
Socialist feminists believe that women’s liberation must be sought in conjunction with the social and economic justice of all people. They see the fight to end male supremacy as key to social justice, but not the only issue, rather one of many forms of oppression that are mutually reinforcing.
Who coined the term Ecofeminism?
Ecofeminism, also called ecological feminism, branch of feminism that examines the connections between women and nature. Its name was coined by French feminist Françoise d’Eaubonne in 1974.
What were Thomas Hobbes main ideas?
Despite advocating the idea of absolutism of the sovereign, Hobbes developed some of the fundamentals of European liberal thought: the right of the individual; the natural equality of all men; the artificial character of the political order (which led to the later distinction between civil society and the state); the …
Why did Montesquieu believe in the separation of powers?
Montesquieu favored a separation of powers because the branches would create a system of check and balances, limiting the power of the other two branches and itself from being over-powered which would threaten people’s rights and cause tyranny.
Why did Hobbes believe that the best form of government had a King as its sovereign?
Hobbes referred to the government like the Leviathan, a powerful state created to impose order. … He believed the best form of government had a king and a sovereign because placing more power in the hands of a king would mean more resolute and consistent exercise of political authority.