Who is associated with Marxism?
It originates from the works of 19th-century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. As Marxism has developed over time into various branches and schools of thought, there is currently no single definitive Marxist theory.
Who is associated with feminist theory?
Feminist theory grew significantly in the 1970s and 1980s, with a surge in scholarly attention to the role of gender in shaping every aspect of the human experience. During this period, feminist radicalism gained scholarly prominence, with particular emphasis on the work of feminist legal scholar Catharine MacKinnon.
It was founded in 1936 by Lucía Sánchez Saornil, Mercedes Comaposada and Amparo Poch y Gascón and had approximately 30,000 members.
What is Karl Marx’s theory?
Marxism is a social, political, and economic theory originated by Karl Marx, which focuses on the struggle between capitalists and the working class. … He believed that this conflict would ultimately lead to a revolution in which the working class would overthrow the capitalist class and seize control of the economy.
Who are the popular Marxist thinkers?
Key works and authors
- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, especially the earlier writings such as The 1844 Manuscripts, The German Ideology and “Theses on Feuerbach”, but also the Grundrisse, Das Kapital and other works inspired.
- Vladimir Lenin.
- Guy Debord.
- Leon Trotsky.
- Antonie Pannekoek.
- Rosa Luxemburg.
- Karl Korsch.
- M. N. Roy.
What is Marxist feminist theory?
Marxist feminism is a species of feminist theory and politics that takes its theoretical bearings from Marxism, notably the criticism of capitalism as a set of structures, practices, institutions, incentives, and sensibilities that promote the exploitation of labor, the alienation of human beings, and the debasement of …
Who pioneered feminist criticism?
Writers like Simone de Beauvoir (Le Deuxième Sexe, 1949) and Elaine Showalter established the groundwork for the dissemination of feminist theories dove-tailed with the American Civil Rights movement.
Who developed feminist theory in sociology?
Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s (1860-1935) work helped formalize feminist theory during the 1960s. Growing up, she went against traditional holds that were placed on her by society by focusing on reading and learning concepts different from women who were taught to be housewives.
Marxist feminism in anticolonial movements centered imperialism and its mobilization of feudal relations of gender oppression to capture populations, land, and markets. Socialist feminism developed from these precepts in a range of ways around the world.
Was Simone de Beauvoir a Marxist?
This chapter first locates Beauvoir in her politico-intellectual milieu. It then traces the complex ways in which, throughout her works, she draws on materialist and humanistic aspects of Marxism while also often distancing herself from the more mechanistic Marxism of the French Communist Party.