What was Mary Astell contribution to the Enlightenment?
All the contradictions of the period we call the ‘enlightenment’ were embodied in the life and writings of Mary Astell, a feminist intellectual who lived from 1666 to 1731. She argued for women’s right to an independent intellectual life yet she upheld absolute monarchy in the state.
What did Mary Astell and Mary Wollstonecraft fight for?
Both Astell and Wollstonecraft wanted to make women aware of their capacities and of their worth, to lead them to self-esteem (instead of interiorizing a so-called inferiority) and distinguish essence (the life of the mind and the soul for a better life) from appearances (the care of one’s body).
How did Mary Astell reflect the Enlightenment ideas?
Mary Astell, an English writer, wrote a book that addressed the lack of education for women and gender equality using concepts from the Enlightenment, such as thoughts as, “All men are born equal.” Another woman named Mary Wollstonecraft had argued that education for women was important in order for women to be of any …
What was Mary Astell known for?
Mary Astell (b. 1666–d. 1731) is widely considered to be one of the earliest English feminists. She is best known for her prose works A Serious Proposal to the Ladies (Part 1, 1694; Part 2, 1697) and Some Reflections upon Marriage (1700).
What did Mary Astell believe about government?
She argued for women’s right to an independent intellectual life yet she upheld absolute monarchy in the state. She believed in Reason but distrusted the materialism of the new way of ideas.
Who was the first feminist in the world?
In late 14th- and early 15th-century France, the first feminist philosopher, Christine de Pisan, challenged prevailing attitudes toward women with a bold call for female education.
Is Mary Astell a feminist?
Mary Astell is widely considered one of the first and foremost English feminists. Her pioneering writings address female education and autonomy in the early modern period and had a profound influence on later generation of feminists. Astell was born into a middle class family in 1666.
What did Mary Astell believe about marriage?
What were Astell’s views on marriage? Astell recognised that when a woman married she put ‘herself entirely into her husband’s power, and if the matrimonial yoke be grievous, neither law nor custom affords her that redress which a man obtains’ (p. 27).
What was Mary Astell’s nickname?
As was the case with all her writings, Astell never published under her own name; instead her works appeared either anonymously or under the pseudonyms Tom Single or Mr. Wooton.